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[外文资料] 学习英语免费资源

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资深会员-热带辐合带

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发表于 2011-5-9 02:38 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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终身荣誉-风之图腾

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钻石勋章资料控

发表于 2011-5-13 00:42 | 显示全部楼层
1. Starfall
Beginning literacy and easy reads, phonics, stories, songs

2. Enchanted Learning
Teacher resources, worksheets, vocabulary sheets, easy readers


3. Lexipedia
Online thesaurus and graphic organizer


4. Lextutor
Language and text analysis for word usage


5. Trackstar
For teachers to set up class web pages and allows students to do safe research, can also share ideas with other teachers


6. University of Connecticut
Literacy resources and lessons

7. Spelling City
Practice and activities for spelling


8. Reading A-Z
Easy readers to print-fiction and non-fiction


9. Everything ESL
ESL teacher resources, lesson plans and articles


10. Ed Helper
Various teaching resources, lesson plans, worksheets


11. Teachnology
Various teaching resources, lesson plans, worksheets


12. ABC Teach
Various teaching resources, lesson plans, worksheets


13. Teacher Planet
Various teaching resources, lesson plans, worksheets


14. Scholastic
Various teaching resources, lesson plans, worksheets


15. Dave\'s ESL Cafe
Grammar and other activities


16. Brain Pop and Brain Pop Jr.
Animated videos for the content area


17. Marco Polo
Content lessons for the classroom-virtual learning


18. Boggles World
Misc ESL content and materials


19. Songs for Teaching
Songs for teaching English with lyrics


20. National Gallery of Art
Teaching with Art


21. ESL Visual Library
Flashcards and images for language learning


22. English Language Listening Skills
Listening games for older students


23. Listening Skills
Listening practice, pronunciation and minimal pairs


24. Damand Publishing
Bilingual beginning readers and homework help


25. English for Kids
Games, worksheets and skills practice


26. Vokis
Audio pals that can be translated into several languages


27. kids click
Differentiated reading materials by level on a variety of topics


28. ISeek
Differentiated texts and research by grade level


29. Net Treker
Modified search engine for education articles


30. Breaking English News
Current events and lesson plans for ESL


31. Make Beliefs Comix
Comics for a variety of teaching purposes and make your own comics

32. One More Story
Children’s books read aloud online


33. Colorin Colorado
Bilingual literacy resources


34. Reading Rockets
Literacy resources


35. Reading is Fundamental
Literacy resources


36. Dual Language Showcase
Student created bilingual books


37. TESOL Organization International
Professional organization


38. Center for Applied Linguistics
Research and Articles about language topics


39. Study Island
State test prep and basic skills practices


40. Imagine Learning
ESL Literacy and learning

41. World Book Encyclopedia
Online encyclopedia with text modifications and teacher resources


42. United Streaming
Discovery educational videos online


43. Safari Montage
Educational videos on demand


44. Math Playground
Basic math practice and math vocabulary. Interactive with quizzes and games. Word problem practice.


45. Virtual Math Manipulatives
Virtual math manipulatives and basic math practice


46 Interactive Math Dictionary
Illustrated interactive dictionary to help students understand basic math concepts


47. National Geographic
Great illustrations of animals and facts about them. Also, news and culture information.


48. American History
Games and activities for historical events and people. Quizzes and timelines test historical knowledge.

49. US Government
U.S. Government info for students


50. Picturing America
Using works of art to teach American history


51. Harcourt Publishers Science
Visual Science Glossary

52. Earth Science
Science vocabulary and visuals


53. Silly Books
Animated songs and stories read a loud, many of them written by children


54. Story Line
Famous actors read well known children’s literature a loud. Also has resources for teachers

55. Interactive Writing
Interactive writing and story graphic organizers with mini-lesson explanations. Also has reproducible sheets.


56. General Education Information
All content information. Downloadable and interactive.


57. Merriam Webster Dictionary
A reference website from publishing company that includes a learning dictionary, word of the day, word games and visuals, audio pronunciation of words.


58. Inspiration/ Kidspiration
Creates graphic organizers for all areas


59. ELLIS
Language and literacy practice for k-adult, tracks students learning


60. Pix Writer/ Picture it
Visual glossary and support for beginning writers


61. IXL Math
Math practice for various grades and levels


62. Florida Center for Reading Research
Literacy games, activities and assessments


63. Carl\'s Corner Literacy
Literacy activities


64. Ms. Hurley\'s ESL
Content area articles and resources for ESL


65. ESCORT
Manuals for content teaching for ELLs


66. Internet Picture Dictionary
Picture dictionary in a variety of languages with activities


67. Idiom Connection
Lists of idioms by category with examples


68. Do to Learn
Visual resources to add to lessons and classroom routines


69. Cross Culture Education
Resources for LD and ESL


70. Blue Nose Edutainment
Using music and media to teach students


71. Flocabulary
Uses hip-hop music to teach vocabulary in context


72. US Mint Education
Lessons for teaching government and money




那是最美好的时代,那是最糟糕的时代;那是智慧的年头,那是愚昧的年头;那是信仰的时期,那是怀疑的时期;那是光明的季节,那是黑暗的季节;那是希望的春天,那是失望的冬天;我们拥有一切,我们一无所有; 我们全都在直奔天堂,我们全都在直奔相反的方向------简而言之,那时跟现在非常相象,某些最喧嚣的权威坚持要用形容词的最高级来形容它。说它好,是最高级的;说它不好,也是最高级的。
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积雨云

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发表于 2011-8-4 11:36 | 显示全部楼层
1.语音、语调要准确,拼读规则要掌握。
       学法语,首先碰到如何发音,如何拿调的问题。语音语调好,就像能写一手好字,或衣着整洁,给人以好感。因此,不要仅满足于能让人吃力的听懂,而要让人与你交谈时感到愉快,乃至惊喜。所以,这一阶段没法自学,一定要有老师指导。因为自己发音是否准确不一定都能自己鉴别,发音时有关发音器官的部位也需老师指点,更不要说有的同学会碰到清浊音分不清,[n]、[l]不分等发音上的困难。 在老师指导的前提下,通过听录音模仿,把语音、语调掌握好。
       拼读规则很重要。掌握了这些规则,即使单词不认识也能读出来。更何况,许多法语词典里没个单词都注有国际音标。掌握拼读规则,自然是要分清字母名称与音素(元音与辅音)。例如,字母e在不同情况下可以发[e],甚至不发音,字母y 读作[igr k],不要与音素[y]搞混。字母顺序掌握是否熟练也将决定你将来查字典的快慢。
2.\"拳不离手,曲不离口\",学法语也必须天天练,反复练。
       首先要大声练。有的同学怕难为情,练的时候嘴唇不怎么动,声音很小。这种学法会使你大声说时语音语调有走样的可能。课堂上需大声练,课堂外也应大声练。
       另外要天天练,即使是周末,也应拿出一两个小时练,放假时决不能连续几天不碰,这对初学者来说是十分忌讳的。法语强化教学通常进度偏快。一天不学,一天不练就有可能产生不利影响,时间长了就可能跟不上,就可能失去信心。再者要反复练,短文都因能够背诵,常用句子应该能够脱口而出。这要下苦功夫,没有捷径可走。
3.用\"滚雪球\"方法学法语。
       一本好的教材应该体现\"滚雪球\"原则,不能每课书之间毫无联系,老师当然也应该在每教新课时,要与已教的语言素材相结合。学生在学习时要有意识的把已学的东西与新学的东西有机结合。换言之,尽可能把已学的东西移入新的情景,用新的语法、词汇、修辞手段重复、扩充、应用。
4.怎么记单词?
       有同学说单词记不住,有什么办法吗?
       首先,最笨,但也是最有效的办法就是死记硬背,还要默写出来。例如,像avoir,être这些不规则而又常用的动词变位,就应背得滚瓜烂熟。
       当然,在死记硬背的前提下,也应该找一些规律性的东西。单词学多了,你就会发现有许多规律可循。现举几个例子:
(1) 通过缀词构词法来记单词:
前缀re-表示\"再\",\"重新\"的意思,因此commencer (开始)------recommencer (重新开始),dire (说)-----redire (再说)。
前缀in-,im-表示\"无\",\"非\",\"不\"的意思,因此possible (可能的)------impossible(不可能的),capacité(能力)------incapacité(无能力)。
构造动词用的后缀\"-ir\"表示\"变化,改变\"的意思, 因此,grand(大的)-----grandir(变大,长高);rouge(红的)------rougir(变红)。
后缀-able在形容词末表示可能性:aimer (爱)-----aimable (可爱的);manger (吃)-----mangeable(可吃的);
(2) 许多形容词在变成阴性形式后加上-ment即可变成副词:
doux----douce-----doucement(轻轻地);
但,阳性形容词如以元音字母结尾,则直接加-ment:
vrai-----vraiment ( 真正地); résolu -----résolument ( 坚决地),
当然,如形容词阴阳性是同一形式,也直接加-ment :
rapide-----rapidement (迅速地)
(3) 许多名词从阳性形式变成阴性形式也是有规律可循的,如:
un chanteur----- une chanteuse ( 歌手)
5.有的同学觉得名词很难记,其实也有一些规律可循。
(1)以名词词末的字母来区分其阴阳性。
a) 以辅音字母结尾的名词,大多是阳性;以元音字母a, i, o, u结尾的名词大多数也是阳性:le lac ( 湖),le salon (客厅),le temps (时间), le pied ( 脚),le parti (党),le zéro ( 零), l\'opéra (歌剧),le tissu (布)
b) 以-e结尾,且e 前是元音或双辅音字母的名词大多是阴性:
l\'année (年), la pluie (雨), la famille(家), la roue(轮子)
(2)从词义上看,除了人与动物按其性别分阴阳性外,也有一些规律可循,举几个例子:
a)凡属树名、季节、月份、星期、度量衡、金属的名词大多是阳性:
le pin (松树), le pommier ( 苹果树), l\'automne (秋季)
b) 水果名、学科名称多为阴性:福州学法语去一飞
la pomme (苹果), la cerise ( 樱桃)
(3) 从音上也可辨别名词的阴阳性。
a) 一般说来,词末以元音(注意不是元音字母)结尾的名词大多是阳性:
le repas [-a] ( 餐),le bureau [-o](办公室),le nom[- ] (姓)
b) 以辅音(不是辅音字母)结尾的名词大多是阴性名词:
la chaise [-z] (椅子), la porte [-t](门), la table [-l] (桌子)
6.单词还可以通过同义词、反义词、同族词或同类词等方法分类归纳记忆:
(1)同义词、近义词:vite = rapidement (快)   joli = beau (漂亮的)
(2)反义词:grand ( 大的) ≠petit( 小的)   long ( 长的) ≠ court (短的)
(3) 同族词:diriger v.t. (领导), digigeant n. ( 领导者), directeur, trice n. (经理)
(4) 同类词:如famille (家),可以把下列词归纳记忆:grand-père(祖父,外祖父), grand-mère(祖母,外祖母), père(父亲), mère(母亲), mari, époux(丈夫), femme, épouse(妻子), enfants(孩子), frère(兄弟), soeur(姐妹), beau-père(岳父,丈人;继父), belle-mère(婆婆,岳母;继母), beau-fils, gendre(女婿), belle-fille, bru(媳妇), oncle(伯父,叔父,舅父), tante(伯母,叔母,姨母), cousin,e (堂兄弟,堂姐妹;表兄弟,表姐妹)
7.许多人学过英语,这对记法语单词是一个极有利的条件。
      同形同义词数量不算少,占基础词汇近两成,如dialogue (对话),facile ( 容易的),large(宽的), sport ( 体育运动)
     近形同义词也有不少规律可循:
a) 法语中的第一组动词去掉词末的-r或-er,便是同义的英语单词:
法语 英语 法语 英语
arriver arrive (到达) aider aid (帮助)     changer change (改变) chanter chant (唱歌)
b) 法语中以é的结尾的名词在英语中许多变成y :
法语 英语
beauté beauty (美丽)
difficulté difficulty (困难)
       总之,学法语一定要下苦功夫记、背、大声朗读、背诵,天天听,天天讲,大量阅读,可以看不同版本的法语教科书,多做笔头练习。学习时还要多动脑筋,多找规律性的东西,同时注意许多特殊的例外。我们还是不能铺开来面面俱到,只是举一些例子供初学者参考,每个人也可摸索适合自己的一些方法,同学之间也可多交流。
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