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 楼主| 发表于 2014-12-6 18:13 | 显示全部楼层

January 27 2014

Another Round of Bitterly Cold Weather
A very strong cold front will be bringing frigid conditions back to the central and eastern U.S. for the beginning of the work week. The airmass and the associated surface high pressure with it is literally coming from the North Pole and heading nearly due south into the central U.S. by Tuesday. Widespread subzero lows are expected north of the Ohio River by this time, and subfreezing highs are expected well into the Deep South.
This front will reach the Gulf of Mexico and develop a wave of low pressure along it. Moisture flowing north over the boundary will create interesting weather to say the least for the Deep South and into the Southeast U.S. for Tuesday and Wednesday. A band of snow, sleet, and freezing rain is expected to materialize by Tuesday afternoon near the Central Gulf Coast, and become heavier over eastern North Carolina and into South Carolina with the very cold air in place. This rare winter storm will make many people who love snow very happy. This image was taken by GOES East at 1815Z on January 27, 2014.

新一轮严寒天气来袭
本周伊始,一道强冷锋将再度为美国中部及东部地区带去严寒天气。这股来自北极附近的气团及其相关的近地面高压系统将于本周二左右南移至美国中部,根据预计,俄亥俄河以北地区将出现大面积零度以下低温,而美国深南部地区的最低温度也可能降至冰点之下。
此道冷锋将移至墨西哥湾并生成一系列低压系统,沿着锋面向北输送的水汽将于周二及周三在美国深南部及东南部地区造成有趣的天气。预报指出本周二下午墨西哥湾中部沿岸地区附近可能产生一系列降雪、雨夹雪及冻雨系统,并将在北卡罗来纳州东部至加利福尼亚州南部冷的空气激发下增强。这场罕见的冬季暴风雪会令许多喜爱降雪的人们感到高兴。本张图片由GOES East卫星摄于2014年1月27日协调世界时18时15分。
620x350x1488v1_20140127-easternUS.png.pagespeed.ic.aYX77mToJW.jpg
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 楼主| 发表于 2014-12-6 20:55 | 显示全部楼层

January 28 2014(Ⅰ)

Arctic Blast Drops Temperatures, Brings Winter Storm to the Deep South Tuesday and Wednesday
A strong cold front, representing the leading edge of the latest surge of arctic air to sweep through the central and eastern U.S., continues to push across the Southeast this morning, while dropping south into the northern Gulf of Mexico. As this cold air moves into place, moisture drawn back north of the boundary ahead of an upper level system digging into the lower Mississippi valley will set the stage for an anomalous winter storm that will extend from the central Gulf Coast to the southern Mid-Atlantic coast beginning later today, Tuesday January 28, 2014. A wintry mix is possible as far south as southern Louisiana, extending along the Gulf coast into northern Florida and northeastward along the Southeast coast into the Carolinas. Significant icing appears quite probable across portions of southern Georgia into coastal South Carolina and southeastern North Carolina. A swath of light to moderate snows is likely further to the north and west, with heavy snows possible across northeastern North Carolina into the Hampton Roads region of Virginia. With the exception of some lingering showers across the Florida peninsula, precipitation is expected to slide off of the coast on Wednesday January 29. This image was taken by GOES East at 1545Z on January 28, 2014.

极地寒流于周二周三为美国深南部地区带来低温及冬季暴风雪
作为最新一股强盛北极气团前锋的一道强冷锋席卷了美国中部及东部地区,并于今晨继续向东南部推进至墨西哥湾北部地区。当这股冷空气抵达时,水汽先于高空低压系统被沿着锋面向北输送至密西西比河流域下游,为今天(2014年1月28日,星期二)晚些时候将出现于墨西哥湾中部至中大西洋诸州南部沿海地区的冬季暴风雪做了铺垫。出现雨雪混合天气的范围可能由南路易斯安那州南部地区扩展至墨西哥湾沿岸至佛罗里达州北部地区,并进一步向东北方向延伸至美国东南部沿岸至卡罗莱纳州地区。而佐治亚州南部至南卡罗来纳州沿岸及北卡罗来纳州东南部地区则有可能出现严重结冰。白亮区域显示(墨西哥湾)北部及西部可能出现中雪,而北卡罗来纳州东北部至弗吉尼亚州汉普顿锚地则有可能出现大雪。预报显示,除佛罗里达半岛仍将出现阵雨之外,沿岸地区的降水将于1月29日(周三)结束。本张图片由GOES East卫星摄于2014年1月28日协调世界时15时45分。
620x350x1491v1_20140128-southernUS.png.pagespeed.ic.J02s05YqUQ.jpg
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 楼主| 发表于 2014-12-7 22:26 | 显示全部楼层

January 28 2014(Ⅱ)

The High Variability of Global Albedo
This animation shows variations in Earth\'s reflection of sunlight, called albedo, from month to month, based on NASA satellite measurements over a 12-year period. A recent publication in the journal Nature Climate Change by NOAA and NASA researchers concludes that the natural variability of Earth\'s albedo poses limits to the possibility of detecting increases in the planet\'s reflection of sunlight that might result from proposed climate engineering activities.
The CERES instrument measures Earth’s radiation budget – the amount of energy (light and heat) that enters and leaves the planet. Originally flown on NASA’s EOS satellites, CERES is now part of the NOAA/NASA Suomi NPP satellite mission and will also be included on the NOAA JPSS-1 satellite (scheduled for a 2017 launch).

高可变性的全球反照率
该动画显示的是美国航空航天局(NASA)使用卫星对12年以来反照率(即地球反射的太阳光)月际变化的监测数据。最近美国国家海洋和大气管理局(NOAA)及美国航空航天局专家发表于《自然气候变化》杂志上的论文认为应研究地球反照率的自然变异程度,以评估其对改变地表反照率这项气候工程实施的影响。
云与地球辐射能量系统(Clouds and the Earth\'s Radiant Energy System,CERES)传感器能对地球辐射收支(进入及离开某个星球的能量(光和热))进行监测。该仪器最初搭载于美国航空航天局对地观测卫星(EOS)上,目前则为NOAA/NASA Suomi NPP卫星搭载的任务仪器之一,而美国国家海洋和大气管理局JPSS-1(联合极轨卫星系统1号星)亦将搭载该仪器。
http://player.youku.com/player.php/sid/XODQzNzc1NDA4/v.swf
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 楼主| 发表于 2014-12-7 22:41 | 显示全部楼层

January 29 2014

Winter Storm Coming to End Across Southeast
The rare winter storm that brought snow and freezing rain to parts of the Southeast on Tuesday will come to an end on Wednesday, with lingering areas of snow and freezing rain diminishing this morning across the Gulf states, by the afternoon for the mid-Atlantic and in the early evening across the Southeast. This image was taken by GOES East at 1545Z on January 29, 2014.

冬季风暴对美国东南部的影响即将结束
周二起为美国东南部部分地区带来降雪及冻雨的罕见冬季风暴将于周三时趋于结束,而海湾各州,中大西洋诸州及美国东南部地区出现降雪及冻雨的区域也将分别在今日上午,下午及晚间早些时候逐渐缩小。本张图片由GOES East卫星摄于2014年1月29日协调世界时15时45分。
620x350x1493v1_20140129-southUS.png.pagespeed.ic.WJifukWCXk.jpg
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 楼主| 发表于 2014-12-7 23:20 | 显示全部楼层

January 31 2014

Tropical Storm Kajiki Threatening the Philippines
Tropical Storm Kajiki is taking a course through the Philippines that is remarkably close to that of devastating Super Typhoon Haiyan, but much less intense. Still, the storm could bring heavy rains as it traverses through the island chain, so residents should be prepared for flash floods and landslides. This image was taken by MTSAT-1R at 0830Z on January 31, 2014.

热带风暴“剑鱼”(Kajiki)威胁菲律宾
热带风暴“剑鱼”将以与毁灭性的超强台风“海燕”(Haiyan)相似的路径穿过菲律宾。虽然其强度远低于“海燕”,但其仍将于穿过(菲律宾中部)群岛时造成暴雨,因此当地居民仍需防范山洪暴发及山体滑坡。本张图片由多用途输送卫星新1号(MTSAT-1R)摄于2014年1月31日协调世界时8时30分。
620x350x1494v1_20140131-TSKajiki.png.pagespeed.ic.rrr8JxTMRQ.jpg
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 楼主| 发表于 2014-12-8 00:41 | 显示全部楼层

February 03 2014

Winter Weather Continues From the Ohio Valley to the Northeast with Another Round Coming for the Central U.S. on Tuesday
Snow and freezing rain are expected from the Ohio Valley into the Northeast today. Another system will bring heavy snow and freezing rain chances from the central Rockies across the lower Great Lakes into the Northeast through Wednesday. In addition to the winter weather impacts, flash flooding will also be possible Tuesday across the Ohio Valley. This image was taken by GOES East at 1615Z on February 3, 2014.

将影响美国中部的新系统或令俄亥俄河谷至美国东北部的冬季气候持续至周二
预计今日俄亥俄河谷至美国东北部将出现降雪及冻雨。另一个系统可能于周三为落基山脉中部经大湖南区至美国东北部的地区带来大雪及冻雨。除冬季气候之外,周二时俄亥俄河谷还可能发生骤发洪水。本张图片由GOES East卫星摄于2014年2月3日协调世界时16时15分。
1495v1_20140203eus.png
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 楼主| 发表于 2014-12-8 13:17 | 显示全部楼层

February 04 2014

Another Winter Storm Is Impacting the Central U.S. Today; Impacts To The Northeast Wednesday
Heavy snow and freezing rain will impact the central U.S. today from the Plains into the Ohio Valley. As the system moves east, the heavy snow and ice will impact locations in the Northeast on Wednesday. In addition to the winter weather, heavy rainfall could result in flooding across the Tennessee and Ohio Valleys. This image was taken by GOES East at 1645Z on February 4, 2014.

现正影响美国中部的冬季风暴周三起将影响美国东北部
位于美国中部的大平原至俄亥俄河谷地区正遭受大雪及冻雨影响,随着该系统的东移,周三时美国东北部地区亦将出现大雪及结冰。除冬季气候之外,强降水还可能在田纳西州及俄亥俄河谷地区引发洪水。本张图片由GOES East卫星摄于2014年2月4日协调世界时16时45分。
1496v1_20140204centus.png
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 楼主| 发表于 2014-12-8 13:37 | 显示全部楼层

February 05 2014

Major Winter Storm Continues to Move East
The current winter storm will continue moving east and impact areas from the Midwest into New England today. Heavy snow will be possible from the Lower Great Lakes into the New England states with freezing rain forecast for parts of the Northern Mid-Atlantic Coast into Southern New England. Behind the system, temperatures will be 20 to 40 degrees below average over the Plains/High Plains. This image was taken by GOES East at 1515Z on February 5, 2014.

强冬季风暴继续向东移动
目前活跃的冬季风暴将于今日继续向东移动并影响美国中西部至新英格兰地区。根据预测,中大西洋沿岸地区北部至新英格兰地区南部部分地区将出现冻雨,而大湖南区至新英格兰地区各州还可能出现大雪。该系统之后,大平原/高平原地区的气温将出现20-40度的负距平。本张图片由GOES East卫星摄于2014年2月5日协调世界时15时15分。
620x350x1500v1_20140205-eastcoast.png.pagespeed.ic.afo_ujchm8.jpg
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 楼主| 发表于 2014-12-8 14:12 | 显示全部楼层

February 06 2014

Bitterly Cold Temperatures Across the Plains; Active Weather Pattern for the West
Very cold temperatures and dangerous wind chills will settle into the central U.S. for the next few days. Meanwhile, an active weather pattern will bring much needed rain and snow to parts of the western U.S. Additionally, warm, dry and windy conditions will increase fire weather concerns across south-central Alaska through the weekend. This image was taken by GOES East at 1645Z on February 6, 2014.

寒冷刺骨的大平原及天气形势活跃的美国西部
美国中部的刺骨的低温及危险的寒风将在未来数天内维持,与此同时,活跃的天气形势将为美国西部带来急需的降水,此外,温暖干燥及多风的条件将使阿拉斯加中南部地区的高火险状态持续至周末。本张图片由GOES East卫星摄于2014年2月6日协调世界时16时45分。
1501v1_20140206cus.png
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 楼主| 发表于 2014-12-10 23:21 | 显示全部楼层

February 07 2014

Quick moving coastal low could bring unsettled weather to the South
Energy ejecting out of the Southwest and crossing the southern tier on Friday should help foster precipitation to the north of a frontal boundary stalled across the northern Gulf. Amounts should initially be light with this system...but a winter mix will be possible within the northern fringe of the precipitation shield. Also...as the energy lifts towards the Mid-Atlantic and spins up a surface low off the Southeast coast on Saturday...some heavier rains are expected over northern Florida and the Carolina coasts. Light snows will be a possibility farther inland while the coastal low races away from the Eastern Seaboard. Light snows will be possible with a weak piece of energy streaking from the Midwest to the Northeast/Northern Mid-Atlantic states Saturday into Sunday. Moisture will be extremely limited with this system...keeping accumulations to a minimum.

沿岸快行低压将为美国南部带来不稳定天气
周五由美国西南部向南输送的能量将使得目前停滞于墨西哥湾北部地区的锋面北侧降水增强。虽然其造成的降水总量不多,但其北侧仍有可能出现雨雪混合天气。同时由中大西洋地区向美国东南部地区的地面低压系统所输送的能量预计将导致佛罗里达州北部及卡罗莱纳州海岸于周六出现较强降雨。沿美国东海岸快速移动的低压可能为内陆地区带来小雪,而其弱尾流则亦可能于周末为美国中北部地区至美国东北部/中大西洋诸州北部带来小雪。由于该系统获得的水汽十分有限,因此其造成的降水将十分稀少。
1502v1_20140207eus.png
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