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 楼主| 发表于 2015-11-23 19:26 | 显示全部楼层

March 26 2014

Coastal Low Rapidly Deepens
The strong coastal storm currently off the coast of New England will continue to bring strong winds and heavy snow to coastal portions of the Northeast on Wednesday. The storm will move into the Canadian Maritimes by Thursday. This image was taken by GOES East at 1345Z on March 26, 2014.

快速增强的近岸低压
目前移出新英格兰地区的猛烈的近岸风暴将于周三继续为美国东北部地区带来狂风以及暴雪,并于周四移入加拿大滨海诸省。本张图片由GOES East卫星摄于2014年3月26日协调世界时13时45分。
1523v1_20140326-coastallow.png
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-11-23 19:47 | 显示全部楼层

March 28 2014

Cape Cod, Canadian Maritimes Blanketed by Snow
Snow cover on Cape Cod, Nantucket and Martha\'s Vineyard show the western extent of the effects of the deep coastal low that passed through mid-week. Parts of Maine and the Canadian Maritimes bore the blizzard conditions brought by the storm with winds reported in excess of 100 miles an hour and snow totals of 20 inches and more throughout the provinces. This image was taken by the Suomi NPP satellite\'s VIIRS instrument around 1700Z on March 27, 2014.

被雪覆盖的科德角及大西洋滨海诸省
本周中期的沿岸深低压区为科德角、楠塔基特岛、马萨葡萄园岛及以西地区披上了雪的衣裳。据报道,该风暴在缅因州及加拿大滨海诸省造成了普遍降雪,其中部分地区录得了100英里/时(约合44.7米/秒)的大风及20英寸(约合50.8厘米)的降雪。本张图片由Suomi NPP卫星上搭载的可视红外成像辐射计套件(VIIRS)摄于2014年3月27日协调世界时17时许。
1523v1_20140326-coastallow.png
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-11-24 13:38 | 显示全部楼层

March 31 2014

Cyclone Helen Skirts Madagascar
Cyclone Helen is spinning in the Mozambique Channel between Madagascar and the African continent. Shown here in this Suomi NPP satellite image taken on March 30th, 2014 while the storm was near its peak Category 2 intensity, Cyclone Helen has since weakened while skirting the Madagascar coast. The forecast path will take the storm west into Mozambique as a tropical storm over the next few days.
An unlabeled version can be downloaded here.

马达加斯加附近的气旋“海伦”(Helen)
气旋“海伦”现正位于马达加斯加与非洲大陆之间的莫桑比克海峡。本张气旋接近巅峰的图片由Suomi NPP卫星摄于2014年3月30日,此时其强度相当于2级气旋。按照当前预报路径,气旋“海伦”在远离马达加斯加岛的过程中将逐渐减弱,并在未来数天内以热带风暴强度登陆莫桑比克。
未经标注的图像可点击此处下载。
1525v1_20140331-Helen.png
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-11-24 14:01 | 显示全部楼层

April 01 2014

Severe Weather Possible Across Parts of Central U.S., Increased Risk on Thursday
The NWS Storm Prediction Center is forecasting a risk of severe weather Tuesday afternoon and evening for parts of the central and southern Plains, mid- and lower-Mississippi Valley and into the Tennessee and Ohio Valleys. The main threats will be large hail and damaging winds. There is a larger and more intense risk of severe weather for much of the same area on Thursday. This image was taken by GOES East at 1915Z on April 2, 2014.

美国中部尤其在周四可能出现灾害性天气
国家气象局(NWS)风暴预测中心(SPC)预测大平原中部及南部及中/下密西西比河谷至田纳西和俄亥俄河谷部分地区在周二下午至傍晚可能出现灾害性天气。其主要灾害性天气是大冰雹及破坏性大风。这些地区在本周四灾害性天气的严重程度及发生概率都将显著提高。本张图片由GOES East卫星摄于2014年4月2日协调世界时19时15分。
1527v1_20140402-midwest.png
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-11-24 18:18 | 显示全部楼层

April 03 2014(Ⅰ)

Severe Weather, Risk of Strong Tornadoes Possible Across Parts of Central and Southern U.S.
The NWS Storm Prediction Center is forecasting a risk of severe weather across a large portion of the central and southern U.S. Thursday afternoon into the overnight hours, with the greatest risk across the mid- and lower-Mississippi and western Tennessee and Ohio Valleys. Multiple rounds of severe thunderstorms, with large hail, damaging wind gusts and a few strong tornadoes are possible. Tornado Watches are in effect for portions of Arkansas and Missouri. This image was taken by GOES East at 2045Z on April 3, 2014.

美国中部及东部部分地区可能出现包括强龙卷风在内的灾害性天气
国家气象局(NWS)风暴预测中心(SPC)预计美国中部及南部的诸多地区在周四下午至夜间有发生灾害性天气的可能,其中中/下密西西比河谷地区、田纳西河谷地区西部以及俄亥俄河谷地区发生的概率最大,这些地区可能出现多次强雷暴天气、大冰雹、破坏性大风以及强龙卷。目前阿肯色州及密苏里州部分地区已发布龙卷风警戒。本张图片由GOES East卫星摄于2014年4月3日协调世界时20时45分。
1528v1_20140403-midwest.png
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-11-24 19:11 | 显示全部楼层

April 03 2014(Ⅱ)

Arctic Sea Ice Reaches Winter Peak
It’s finally here! Yesterday, scientists from the National Snow and Ice Data Center announced the ultimate sign of spring: Arctic sea ice reached its winter peak on March 21, 2014, and the annual melt season is underway.
This winter’s maximum sea ice extent in the Arctic was 14.91 million square kilometers (5.76 million square miles), making it the fifth smallest winter maximum since satellite records began in 1979.
Meanwhile, Southern Hemisphere sea ice reached its annual low point on February 23, 2014. This year’s summer minimum extent was 3.54 million sq km (1.37 million sq mi), which was the fourth largest in the satellite record.
Global warming due to rising atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases is having different impacts on sea ice patterns in the Arctic versus the Antarctic. The Arctic is experiencing declines in ice cover in nearly all areas and all seasons, with especially large losses in summer.
In the Antarctic, sea ice trends are more variable. Over the Southern Ocean as a whole, sea ice extent has increased by a small amount on an annual basis, with decreases in some basins and increases in others and changes in some seasons but not others.
For more on differences between our planet’s two “ends of the Earth” see climate.gov\'s post Polar Opposites feature article.
An unannotated version of this image can be found here.

北极海冰面积达到冬季最大值
它终于来了!国家冰雪数据中心的科学家于昨日宣布了春天来临的最终信号:北极海冰面积已于2014年3月21日达到了今冬最大值,今年的融化季节已经到来。
今冬北极海冰的最大面积定格在了1491万平方公里(576万平方英里),为1979年有卫星记录以来的第五小。
与此同时,南极海冰面积于2014年2月23日达到了今年南半球夏天的最小值354万平方公里(137万平方英里),为有卫星记录以来的第四大。
由大气中二氧化碳及其他温室气体浓度上升所引发的温室效应对北极及南极海冰模式所产生的影响各不相同。受其影响北极海冰面积在所有区域及季节均有不同程度的减少,尤以夏季最为明显。
而在南极,海冰的变化趋势则存在诸多变数。在南半球的各大洋上的海冰面积保持着微弱的上升趋势,但其中某些地区在某些季节则显现出下降趋势。
若要探寻地球上这两个“天涯海角”直接的更多差异,可参阅climate.gov网站上题为两“极”分化的这篇文章。
未经标注的图像可点击此处下载。
1529v1_SpringIce2014.png
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-11-24 19:29 | 显示全部楼层

April 07 2014

Heavy Rain and Severe Thunderstorms Possible in Parts of the Southeast
The NWS Storm Prediction Center is forecasting a Slight Risk of severe thunderstorms through Monday for parts of the Southeast and lower mid-Atlantic. Hail and damaging winds will be the primary threats. In addition, heavy rain could lead to flooding concerns across the central Gulf Coast into the mid-South. An expansive area of rain and thunderstorms developing to the north of a frontal boundary stretched across the Southeast and Northern Gulf Coast will continue to spread northward through the Eastern U.S. on Monday as a strengthening surface low along the boundary lifts through the Tennessee and Ohio Valleys. This image was taken by GOES East at 1915Z on April 7, 2014.

美国东南部部分地区可能出现暴雨及强雷暴
国家气象局(NWS)风暴预测中心(SPC)预测美国东南部及中大西洋地区南部部分地区本周一有可能发生强雷暴天气,主要威胁来自可能发生的冰雹及破坏性大风。此外,墨西哥湾中部地区至美国南部地区受暴雨影响可能发生洪水。降水及雷暴区将逐渐向北扩大至整个美国东南部及墨西哥湾北部地区,随着周一低空低压系统的发展该区域边界将继续扩大至田纳西河及俄亥俄河谷地区。本张图片由GOES East卫星摄于2014年4月7日协调世界时19时15分。
1530v1_20140407-eastcoast.png
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-11-24 23:08 | 显示全部楼层

April 09 2014

Severe Tropical Cyclone Ita Bears Down on Australia
Severe Tropical Cyclone Ita, category 3, is expected to continue moving in a general westwards direction towards the far north Queensland coast, while intensifying. Gales extend 220 kilometres out from the centre and may develop between Coen and Cooktown late Thursday and develop elsewhere between Cape Grenville and Cairns during Friday.
Severe Tropical Cyclone Ita poses a significant threat to communities along the far north Queensland coast and at this stage it is expected to approach the coast between Lockhart River and Cape Flattery and make landfall late Friday as a severe category 4 tropical cyclone with very destructive winds near the core and gales extending some distance from the landfall location. This image was taken by JMA MTSAT at 0530Z on April 9, 2014.

强热带气旋“伊塔”(Ita)吹袭澳大利亚
3级强热带气旋“伊塔”预计将继续朝偏西方向移向昆士兰北部海岸并逐渐增强。其7级风圈半径现已达到220千米并将于周四晚些时候延伸至科恩与库克镇之间,到了周五其将进一步延伸至格伦维尔角与凯恩斯之间。
当前强热带气旋“伊塔”正对昆士兰州北部地区造成严重威胁,预计其将向洛克哈特河与福拉得利角之间的海岸线靠近,并于周五晚些时候以4级强热带气旋的强度在上述地区登陆,登陆地附近将出现极具破坏力的大风,而周边地区也将受其7级风圈影响。本张图片由日本气象厅(JMA)的多用途输送卫星(MTSAT)摄于2014年4月9日协调世界时5时30分。
1531v1_20140409-TSIta.png
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-11-24 23:26 | 显示全部楼层

April 10 2014

Tropical Cyclone Ita Reaches Category 5 Strength
Severe Tropical Cyclone Ita, category 5, poses a significant threat to communities along the far north Queensland coast of Australia. At this stage it is expected to move to the southwest and make landfall between Cape Melville and Cape Tribulation later on Friday as a severe category 5 tropical cyclone with very destructive winds near the core and gales extending some distance from the landfall location.
Very heavy rain, which may lead to flash flooding, is expected to develop about parts of the Peninsula and North Tropical Coast and Tablelands districts on Friday and persist into the weekend. This image was taken by JMA/MTSAT at 0530Z on April 10, 2014.

“伊塔”(Ita)增强为5级热带气旋
当前5级强热带气旋“伊塔”正对昆士兰州北部地区造成严重威胁,预报指出其将向西南方向移动并在周五晚间以5级强热带气旋的强度在梅尔维尔角与苦难角之间登陆,登陆地附近将出现极具破坏力的大风,而周边地区也将受其7级风圈影响。
受其影响半岛、北热带海岸及高原的部分地区自周五开始将出现暴雨并持续至周末,并导致部分地区山洪暴发。本张图片由日本气象厅(JMA)的多用途输送卫星(MTSAT)摄于2014年4月10日协调世界时5时30分。
1532v1_20140410-TCIta.png
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-11-24 23:51 | 显示全部楼层

April 11 2014

Tropical Cyclone Ita Just Off-Shore Near Cape Flattery, Queensland, Australia
Residents of the northeast coast of Queensland, Australia are facing high winds, dangerous tides and very heavy rain between Cape Melville and Cooktown. These hazards will migrate southward for the next few days as the center of the storm remains close to the coast. This image was taken by the Suomi NPP satellite\'s VIIRS instrument around 0335Z on April11, 2014.

热带气旋“伊塔”(Ita)逼近澳大利亚昆士兰州福拉德利角
澳大利亚昆士兰州东北部梅尔维尔角与库克镇之间的居民正面临着强风、危险的巨浪以及特大暴雨的威胁。在未来几天内随着风暴中心继续朝海岸逼近,受威胁的区域将向南扩展 。本张图片由Suomi NPP卫星上搭载的可视红外成像辐射计套件(VIIRS)摄于2014年4月11日协调世界时3时35分。
1533v1_20140411-TCIta.png
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